Technology Assisted Review Definition:
What Does It Mean to You?
Technology-Assisted Review (TAR) refers to the use of a computer algorithm to perform a review of the content of a document. While this is usually a logical progression from the traditional peer-review process, the term does not have a clear definition. At its core, TAR is a subset of machine learning. You can think of it as the final step in the review process. Before a document is sent out to the reviewers, it is analyzed by a computer algorithm, which then shares its results with the reviewers. The goal of Technology Assisted Review Definition is to prevent human bias from negatively affecting the review process, while still keeping an eye on the quality of the text.
What Is TAR?
Technology-Assisted Review is a method used to automate the review process. It is meant to reduce human bias in the review process and keep an eye on the quality of the text. The name “Technology-Assisted Review” hints that the computer algorithm used to analyze the content of a document is also expected to play a role. This is true to some extent. The computer algorithm helps to analyze the content of the document and determine whether it meets the reviewer’s standards. But many people use the term when they discuss Technology Assisted Review Definition, even though the algorithm is only used for content analysis.
How Does TAR Help?
The main benefit of TAR is to help to prevent human bias from negatively affecting the review process. By reducing human bias, the process becomes more objective and unbiased. In this way, TAR works as a check against human bias. This is particularly important when reviewing a document that has been created by a person with a different cultural background than the reviewer. However, even though Technology Assisted Review Definition may reduce human bias, it is not perfect.
TAR and Human Editors: What’s the Difference?
Unlike the traditional peer-review process, where the reviewers are anonymous and known only by their initials, TAR employs a human editor to review the documents and make the final determination. This human editor must “train” their algorithm with the vocabulary and style of the publication, as well as their own expertise in the field. Then, the algorithm compares its own results against the document itself to ensure accuracy. While a computer algorithm alone will not be able to identify a literary style, it is possible that a reviewer may rely on a human editor to make that decision.
In addition, compared to the traditional peer-review process, where the reviewers’ expertise is virtually unchecked, the human editors are held accountable by the associated journal. While reviewers are not actively monitored, they are required to fulfill certain criteria by the journal to remain active. The necessity of TAR means that there is a lot more transparency than in the traditional peer-review process in Technology Assisted Review Definition.
What are the Benefits of TAR?
- Transparency: The entire process is transparent. The reviewer’s results are recorded by the publishing company, who shares them with the authors for review. The authors can see the results and discuss them with the editors before making a final decision. This added transparency enables the authors to be completely confident in the decisions made by the reviewers and editors.
- Equal Access: TAR is not limited to the top researchers. All of the documents are uploaded for review. This means that any author can have their work evaluated by the algorithm in Technology Assisted Review Definition.
- Faster Review Process: The entire process is streamlined, which allows for a more expedient review process.
- Enhanced Quality Control: The reviewers are more qualified, due to the traditional training process.
What are the Drawbacks?
- Increased Bias: The reviewers’ bias may show up in their assessment of the papers, especially if they are not exposed to a variety of perspectives on the topic.
- Symmetry: The reviewers who are administering the test are also evaluated by the algorithm. This means that they are grading their judgments against the same standards as the authors.
Does TAR Mean the End of Human Editors?
TAR is here to stay. In fact, it may become more important as the traditional peer-review process continues to evolve. Traditional peer-review relies on human reviewers to perform the initial assessment of a paper before sending it out to other experts for further review. This process allows for a human element to remain in the review process, even as the rate of publication continues to increase. However, as the rate of publication increases, there will be a growing need for shortcuts. This is where algorithms like TAR come into play.
As the traditional peer-review process becomes more automated, there will be a greater need for human editors. The future of peer-review is likely to include Technology Assisted Review Definition and similar tools, where the human editors are more involved and accessible to the authors.
Conclusion of Technology Assisted Review Definition
Technology-Assisted Review (TAR) is a subset of machine learning algorithms, meaning that it is mostly concerned with data analysis and information retrieval. This article has looked at what Technology Assisted Review Definition is and how it works. The article has also discussed some of the risks associated with using this type of review. Now that you have a better understanding of what technology-assisted review is, you can decide for yourself whether it is a good fit for your business.