A Comprehensive Intel Processors List by Generation
Technology and technology companies are constantly changing, and one way to keep up with the latest developments is to know about the processors powering the latest technologies. Intel has been making processors since 1978, and since that time, has released many different generations of processor families. This comprehensive Intel Processors List by Generation ever released will help you keep track of all your favorite chips or learn about some you didn’t even know existed!
The first 400 Series, codenamed Poulson
These chips, code-named Poulson, were launched in February 1997 and represented a dramatic improvement over previous designs. Built on a 0.25 μm process using gallium arsenide (GaAs) semiconductors and incorporating several features from Pentium II processors released earlier that year, Poulson CPUs were marketed as Pentium II compatible. However, some incompatibilities with certain motherboards prevented them from being 100% compliant with Pentium II peripherals and memory specifications. For example, some motherboard manufacturers had altered some voltage regulator circuits to allow for fan control; these alterations caused problems when used with Poulson processors due to their higher power consumption requirements (although only 2–5 watts). In general, though, most boards manufactured after 1998 should work properly.
The second 400 Series, codenamed Tilapia
This series, which was released in 1993, consisted solely of low-power versions of their i486 processors. These versions consumed anywhere from 10–40 watts and were available with clock speeds up to 100 MHz. The chips featured a 16 kB L2 cache running at half-core speed (6 ns). Unfortunately, as with most 486 models with integrated L2 caches and clock multipliers, these chips ran out of steam above about 66 MHz. Two models were produced: LV100 for 100 MHz operations and LV133 for 133 MHz operations. They were succeeded by later Celeron models that had no integrated L2 cache (and thus would not experience cache miss performance degradation over their stock speeds) in Intel Processors List by Generation.
The third 600 Series, codenamed Cedar Mill
Cedar Mill is a line of mobile and desktop processors by Intel. It is used for mid- to high-range PCs, including gaming machines, as well as budget desktops and laptops. The name Cedar Mill came from former real estate in Hillsboro, Oregon that housed many Intel engineers. The second generation in that family line was codenamed Smithfield; an LGA 775 processor for desktops built on 90 nm technology and using DDR2 memory.
The two lines based on its design were launched in Q1 2008: Gainestown (mobile), incorporating 65 nm technology with SSE4 instructions, also officially known as Wolfdale,
 while Gulftown is used for desktop processors with LGA 1366 interface and 45 nm technology.
 They are manufactured at the D1X facility in Hillsboro, Oregon.
Cedar Mill is used for Intel’s Ultrabook initiative which aims to bring ultraportable notebooks into mainstream use.
The fourth 800 Series, codenamed Clovertown
Using its 130-nanometer process, Intel began manufacturing Core 2 Duo processors with 6 MB L2 cache in May 2006. Clovertown was used in some 45 nm Xeon 5100 series server CPUs (x5690 and E5645) as well as quad-core QX9775. All socket LGA 775 processors with 65 W or lower TDP were manufactured in D0 stepping, which had been introduced by Conroe/Merom for T-series; all 65 W or lower mobile Conroe/Merom CPUs were also manufactured in D0 stepping. The FSB was capped at 1333 MT/s on most motherboards. The model numbers are suffixed with a C to indicate that they use a 45 nm manufacturing process. An unlocked Kentsfield processor can be overclocked to 3 GHz using air cooling and up to 3.46 GHz using liquid cooling.
The fifth 800 Series, codenamed Bloomfield: Bloomfield is based on an enhanced version of the 45 nm Penryn core called Yonah (see below). It was released in September 2007 along with a new chipset called Lynnfield. Lynnfield supports DDR3 memory but does not support Hyper-Threading Technology or Turbo Boost Technology due to power consumption concerns from Intel’s customers such as Dell and HP in Intel Processors List by Generation.
The fifth 800 Series, codenamed Lynnfield
Introduced in January 2009, it was followed by Arrandale in January 2010 and Clarkdale in February 2011. Mobile CPUs include Core i5-540M, Core i7-620M, and Core i3-330M. The most powerful desktop processors are Core i7-980X Extreme Edition (3.33 GHz), Core i7-975 Extreme Edition (3.33 GHz), and Xeon X5670 (2.93 GHz). The mobile processors are Core 2 Quad Q9650 (2.66 GHz), Core 2 Quad Q9550S (2.83 GHz), and Pentium Dual-Core E5300 (2 GHz).
The integrated graphics is HD Graphics 2000/3000/4000 with a maximum frequency of 850 MHz for mobile versions, while on desktop versions it can go up to 1350 MHz with Turbo Boost technology enabled; all models support DirectX 10 except for low-end models which support DirectX 9 only.
The sixth 800 Series, codenamed Gulftown
The first and only CPU to have six cores on a single die, designed for high-end desktops. It was released at higher clock speeds than previous models. The Turbo Boost feature can speed up single-threaded applications by a further 33%. Hyper-Threading is also supported, which allows each physical core to process two virtual threads. Some models support ECC RAM which prevents errors in data storage and retrieval. Socket R (rPGA988B) supports DDR3 memory in Intel Processors List by Generation.
The seventh 900 Series and G4 Xeons were code-named Wolfdale
These were Kentsfield replacements. The server-class variant was code-named Harpertown and shipped in October 2006. The desktop variant was code-named Clovertown and went on sale in early February 2007. Both used a new 130-nanometer manufacturing process, had lower TDP, and also made use of a new 9xx series chipset from Intel that offered I/O virtualization technology called Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d). Virtualization allowed several operating systems to be installed without interfering with each other by partitioning system resources, making use of hardware extensions available since 2003 under VTx mode (which was also included on select models as well) in earlier processors and chipsets.
The eighth 900 series were coded named code-named Bloomfield
these models were quad-core processors for desktops and high-end laptops. Bloomfield CPUs used 45 nm fabrication, a 1066 MHz system bus, DDR3-1066 (PC3-8500) RAM, and Hyper-Threading Technology. Models in this series included Core i7 920, 940, 960 (2.80 GHz), 970 (2.93 GHz), 980X (3.33 GHz). The Core i7 975 has a 2.93 or 3.20 GHz clock speed based on its model number; other than that it is identical to the 970 models. There was also a 6-core processor available at one point in time: the 3 GHz Xeon X5672.
Concussion of Intel Processors List by Generation
It is with great pride that I can announce that it has been my honor and privilege to produce a comprehensive intel Processors List by Generation. You may have noticed there were some major omissions from my list, like desktop PCs. However, since neither you nor I own one yet I could not verify their inclusion in history. That said, we will continue to keep track of everything for future generations to enjoy. If you have any requests for further research into personal computers or other electronics technology such as wireless networking solutions (802.11ac), hard drives (magnetic and SSD), optical disc drives, LCD panels or displays, video cards (graphics processing units), and sound cards (audio processing units), please send them over using our Contact Us form!
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